International Mandates for Gender and Development
- United Nation Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (UN CEDAW) – adopted by UN in 1979 and took effect on September 4, 1981.
- International Bill of Rights of Women – promotes equality in all fields; affirmative action for women and protection of women from violence.
- Beijing Platform for Action (BPFA)1995 – calls for action on 12 areas of concern affecting women and girl-children.
- Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – are eight international development goals that all 192 member states of UN and at least 23 international organizations adopted during the 2000 UN Millennium Summit; aim to eliminate extreme poverty by 2015.
- Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals – adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity by 2030.
National Mandates for Gender Mainstreaming
- 1987 Philippine Constitution – The state recognizes the role of women in nation building and shall ensure the fundamental equality before the law of women and men (Sec. 14, Art. 11).
- Laws on Gender Mainstreaming Enacted by Congress:
- Republic Act No. 7192 (1992) Women in Development and Nation Building Act – promotes the integration of women as full equal partners of men in development and nation building.
- General Appropriations Act (GAA) from 1995 to present – directs government agencies to formulate a Gender and Development (GAD) plan, the cost of which shall not be less than 5% of their yearly budget.
- Republic Act No. 9710 (2009) Magna Carta of Women – The local adaptation of the UN CEDAW; requires: i) all government departments to ensure that women benefit equally and participate directly in the development programs and projects; ii) that GAD Programs addressing gender issues and concerns shall be designed and implemented based on the mandate of National Government Agencies and Local Government Units.